Infographic: The Unintended Consequences of Germany’s Nuclear Phase-Out
Green Party activists were worried about reactor accidents, but coal pollution is killing thousands.
The move was prompted by fears over the ecological impact of nuclear power, but many experts pointed out at the time that eliminating nuclear power could have a large negative effect of its own: Keeping coal-fired plants up and running and emitting carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere.
Recently, a team of economists compared the health and economic costs of the nuclear phase-out to an alternative where nuclear plants kept running and coal was shut down. The price tag? The economists estimate the shift from nuclear to coal has exacted a “social cost” of $12 billion per year. And an annual toll of more than 1,000 extra deaths due to pollution.