Declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors should reveal to the editor any potential conflict of interest. Conflicts of interest include affiliation or involvement in an organization or entity with a financial or non-financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs) that might be affected by publication of the results contained in a manuscript. The authors should ensure that no contractual relations or proprietary considerations exist that would affect the publication of information in a submitted manuscript.

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There are no conflicts of interest.

Conflicts of interest have been declared to the Editor and will be included in a Conflict of Interest Declaration section of the final paper.

Statement on Human Research

Research involving human participants must have been conducted according to the Common Rule. Authors must adhere to all research ethics guidelines of their discipline, and institution particularly where human participants are involved. Studies that involve human participants must include a statement that the study has been approved by the appropriate research ethics committee and were performed in accordance with the ethical standards stated in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. If guidelines are not available in the country where the research is being performed, we recommend following the guidelines described by the National Institutes of Health, USA.

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This article does not include research in which human participants were involved.

All procedures performed for studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards stated in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Documentation provided upon request.

Policy on Informed Consent

Informed consent is a voluntary agreement to participate in research. Informed consent protects the rights, safety, wellbeing
and interest of all participants. The Belmont Report and the Nuremberg Code both address voluntary informed consent as a
requirement for the ethical conduct of all types research on human participants. All participants must give their informed
consent in writing prior to inclusion in a study.

Authors must declare: Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study or informed consent not
applicable.
Informed consent not applicable.
Informed consent was obtained for all individuals. Documentation provided upon request.

Statement on Animal Research

Authors must adhere to all research ethics guidelines of their discipline, and institution particularly in cases when animal participants are involved. Authors must indicate that international, national, and institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals have been followed and that the studies were approved by a research ethics committee. If guidelines are not available in the country where the research is being performed, we recommend following the guidelines described by the National Institutes of Health, USA.

Please select one of the following:
This article does not include any research in which animal participants were involved.
This article includes research with animal participants were involved. All the applicable international, national, and institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. Documentation provided upon request.

Resources

https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/regulations/common-rule/index.html
https://olaw.nih.gov/policies-laws/phs-policy.htm

Funding Disclosure

Authors are required to declare what support they received to carry out their research. ASME offers the option to include funding sources in a standardized way. Authors may choose their funder from a given list. If funding information is not available from the list it may be added manually upon final paper submission.

Funding information will be published as searchable meta-data for the accepted article. It will be made publicly available through Crossref's funding data search.

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