Guidebook for the Design of ASME Section VIII Pressure Vessels, Fourth Edition

Guidebook for the Design of ASME Section VIII Pressure Vessels, Fourth Edition

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By James R. Farr & Maan H. Jawad

This is a fully revised and updated fourth edition of a classic guidebook. It covers the current requirements of the ASME Section VIII-1 as well as the requirements of the newly published VIII-2 .Whether you are a beginning design engineer or an experienced engineering manager developing a mechanical integrity program, this updated volume gives you a thorough examination and review of the requirements applicable to the design, material requirements, fabrication details, inspection requirements effecting joint efficiencies, and testing of pressure vessels and their components.

Guidebook for Design of ASME Section VIII Pressure Vessels provides you with a review of the background issues, reference materials, technology, and techniques necessary for the safe, reliable, cost-efficient function of pressure vessels in the petrochemical, paper, power, and other industries. Solved examples throughout the volume illustrate the application of various equations given in both Sections VIII-1 and VIII-2.

  • Publisher: ASME
  • Publish Date: 2010
  • Pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • ISBN: 9780791859520

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Table of Contents

Preface to Fourth Edition Preface to First Edition Acknowledgments List of Figures List of Tables Chapter 1 Background Information 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Allowable stresses; 1.3 Weld Joint Examination Requirementsl; 1.3.1 Requirements for VIII-1; 1.3.2 Requirements for VIII-2; 1.4 Brittle Fracture Considerations; 1.5 Fatigue Requirements and Protection Against Failure From Cyclic Loading; 1.5.1 Rules for Fatigue Analysis in VIII-1; 1.5.2 Rules for Fatigue Analysis in VIII-2; 1.6 Pressure Testing of Vessels and Components; 1.6.1 ASME Code Requirements; 1.6.2 What Does a Hydrostatic or Pneumatic Pressure Test Do?; 1.6.3 Pressure Test Requirements for VIII-1; 1.6.4 Pressure Test Requirements for VIII-2; 1.7 Corrosion Allowance in Design Formulas and Calculations; 1.7.1 Consideration of Amount of Corrosion; 1.7.2 Consideration of Corrosion Allowance in Design; 1.8 Minimum Thickness of Pressure Retaining Components. Chapter 2 Cylindrical Shells 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Tensile Forces, VIII-1; 2.2.1 Thin Cylindrical Shells; 2.2.2 Thick Cylindrical Shells; 2.3 Axial Compression; 2.3.1 VIII-1 Rules for Axial Compression; 2.3.2 VIII-2 Rules for Axial Compression; 2.4 External Pressure; 2.4.1 External Pressure for Cylinders with Do/t ? 10; 2.4.2 External Pressure for Cylinders with Do/t < 10; 2.4.3 Empirical Equations; 2.4.4 Stiffening Rings; 2.4.5 Attachment of Stiffening Rings; 2.5 Cylindrical Shell Equations, VIII-2; 2.5.1 Internal Pressure; 2.5.2 External Pressure; 2.6 Miscellaneous Shells; 2.6.1 Mitered Cylinders; 2.6.2 Elliptical Shells. Chapter 3 Spherical Shells, Heads, and Transition Sections 3.1 Introductions; 3.2 Spherical Shells and Hemispherical Heads, VIII-1; 3.2.1 Internal Pressure in Spherical Shells and Pressure on Concave Side of Hemispherical Heads; 3.2.2 External Pressure in Spherical Shells and Pressure on Convex Side of Hemispherical Heads; 3.3 Spherical Shells and Hemispherical Heads, VIII-2; 3.3.1 Pressure on the Concave Side; 3.3.2 Pressure on the Convex Side; 3.4 Ellipsoidal Heads, VIII-1; 3.4.1 Pressure on the Concave Side; 3.4.2 Pressure on the Convex Side; 3.5 Torispherical Heads, VIII-1; 3.5.1 Pressure on the Concave Side; 3.5.2 Pressure on the Convex Side; 3.6 Ellipsoidal and Torispherical Heads, VIII-2; 3.6.1 Torispherical Heads; 3.6.2 Ellipsoidal Heads; 3.7 Conical Sections, VIII-1; 3.7.1 Internal Pressure; 3.7.2 External Pressure; 3.8 Conical Sections, VIII-2; 3.8.1 Internal Pressure; 3.8.2 External Pressure; 3.9 Miscellaneous Transition Sections. Chapter 4 Flat Plates, Covers, and Flanges 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Integral Flat Plates and Covers; 4.2.1 Circular Flat Plates and Covers; 4.2.2. Noncircular Flat Plates and Covers; 4.3 Bolted Flat Plates, Covers, and Flanges; 4.3.1 Gasket Requirements, Bolt Sizing, and Bolt Loadings; 4.4 Flat Plates and Covers With Bolting; 4.4.1 Blind Flanges & Circular Flat Plates and Covers; 4.4.2 Noncircular Flat Plates and covers; 4.5 Openings in Flat Plates and Covers; 4.5.1 Opening Diameter Does Not Exceed half the Plate Diameter; 4.5.2 Opening Diameter Exceeds half the Plate Diameter; 4.6 Bolted Flange Connections (joints); 4.6.1 Standard Flanges; 4.6.2 Special Flanges; 4.6.3 Flange Rigidity; 4.7 Bolted Dished Covers; 4.7.1 Definitions and Terminology; 4.7.2 Two Types of Dished covers. Chapter 5 Openings 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Code Bases For Acceptability of Opening; 5.3 Terms and Definitions; 5.4 Reinforced Openings-General Requirements; 5.4.1 Replacement Area; 5.4.2 Reinforcement Limits; 5.4.3 Comparing Methods of Problem Solving of Reinforced Openings in VIII-1 vs. VIII-2; 5.5 Reinforced Openings Rules in VIII-1; 5.5.1 Openings With Inherent compensation; 5.5.2 Shape and Size of Openings; 5.5.3 Area of Reinforcement Required; 5.5.4 Limits of Reinforcement; 5.5.5 Area of Reinforcement Available; 5.5.6 Openings Exceeding Size Limits of Section; 5.5.7 Alternative Design Rules for Reinfoced Openings in Cylindrical and Conical Shells; 5.5.8 Alternative Design Rules for Large Reinforced Openings in Cylindrical and Conical Shells; 5.6 Reinforced Opening Rules in VIII-2 ; 5.6.1 Definitions, Symbols, and Terms; 5.6.2 Shape and Size Limits of Openings 5.6.3 Configurations of Reinforced Opening Equations Given in Design by Rules of VIII-2; 5.7 Ligament Efficiency Rules; 5.7.1 Ligament Efficiency vs. Weld Joint Efficiency; 5.7.2 Nomenclature. Chapter 6 Design by Rules For Some Special Components in VIII-1 and VIII-2 6.1 Introduction and Background; 6.2 Braced and Stayed Construction; 6.2.1 Braced and Stayed Surfaces; 6.2.2 Stays and Staybolts; 6.3 jacketed Vessels; 6.3.1 Types of Jacketed Vessels; 6.3.2 Design of Closure Member for Jacket to Vessel; 6.3.3 Design of Openings in Jacketed Vessels; 6.4 Half-Pipe Jackets; 6.4.1 Maximum Allowable Internal Pressure in Half-Pipe Jacket; 6.4.2 Minimum Thickness of Half-Pipe Jacket; 6.5 Vessels of Noncircular Cross Section; 6.5.1 Types of Vessels and Pressure Loading; 6.5.2 Basis for Allowable Stresses; 6.5.3 Openings in Vessels of Noncircular Cross Section; 6.5.4 Vessels of Rectangular Cross Section. Chapter 7 Design of Heat Exchangers 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Design of Tubesheets in U-Tube Exchangers; 7.2.1 Nomenclature; 7.2.2 Preliminary Calculations; 7.2.3 Design Equations; 7.3 Fixed tubesheets; 7.3.1 Nomenclature; 7.3.2 Preliminary Calculations; 7.3.3 Design Equations; 7.4 Additional Rules; 7.5 Methods of Attaching tubes-to-Tubesheet; 7.5.1 Push Out Tests; 7.5.2 Tube-to-Tubesheet Locking Mechanism; 7.6 Expansion Joints; Chapter 8 Design by Analysis of Components in VIII-2 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Stress Categories; 8.3 Stress Concentration; 8.4 Combinations of Stresses; 8.5 Fatigue Evaluation. References Appendices Appendix A Guide to VIII-1 Requirements; Appendix B Material Designation; Appendix C Joint Efficiency Factors For Design of VIII-1 Vessels; Appendix D Flange Calculation Sheets For VIII-1 Flanges; Appendix E Units of Measurement and Conversion Factors; Appendix F Some Design Items Prior to the 2007 Edition of VIII-2. Index
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