Pipeline and Piping

Pipeline and Piping

are closed tubular arrangements that move gases, liquids, and solids (as slurries) through industrial processes (especially in refining); to users (distribution of natural gas, oil, and water); and from users back to treatment (sewage). Piping systems include compressors and pumps to keep material moving, valves to control and direct flows, and sensors to track volumes/deliveries. Engineering concerns in piping systems are materials, safety, security, and seismic risks.