Arecibo Radiotelescope

1963

A drive system that keeps the antenna pointed with millimeter precision regardless of factors such as environmental change

The Arecibo Observatory has the largest radio telescope ever constructed.  Maintaining the greatest electromagnetic wave gathering capacity of any telescope, it has been an essential tool in modern astronomy, ionosphere and planetary studies.

Several feats of mechanical engineering went into the construction of this observatory, most notable of which is a drive system which allows all active parts of the antenna to be kept focused with millimeter precision regardless of environmental factors—such as thermal expansion. The antenna itself is suspended 150 meters above the reflector dish, and can be positioned anywhere over the dish with the use of the drive system.

Since its implementation in 1963, the observatory has led to advances in various fields with discoveries such as the correct rotational period for the planet Mercury (59 days), direct physical evidence for the existence of neutron stars and the discovery of the first extrasolar planets.

With the installation of a Gregorian reflector system in 1997, as well as other upgrades, the Arecibo Observatory continues to be unparalleled in its potential for radio studies both of Earth's atmosphere and beyond.

Arecibo Radiotelescope
Image source: Wikitravel.org
 
 

For More Information:

National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center
Arecibo Observatory
Angel Ramos Foundation Visitor Center
Arecibo, Puerto Rico

Visiting Info:

The observatory is approximately 10 km from the city of Arecibo. Consult the official website for details.

Ceremony Notes

November 2001.

Joint dedication with IEEE, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, who recognized the observatory's significant contribution to the advancement of electrical engineering.