Victoria Dutch Windmill

Victoria Dutch Windmill

mid-19th-century wind-powered gristmill of Dutch turret-mill style

This is an old technology brought here by new immigrants. It represents the beginning of modern life in a hard wilderness. This wind-powered gristmill was built in 1870 by Fred Meiss, Jr., and Otto Fiek near Spring Creek, from parts of the first windmill in the new state of Texas, erected by E.G. Witte. The millstones are the ones Witte imported from Europe and are believed to be one of the earliest sets in the United States to survive.

It is similar to a Dutch turret mill, the top of which can be turned so the sails face the wind, which was common throughout 19th century Europe. It was considered portable, made of wood and lightweight shingle covers rather than a masonry tower, and most likely was moved to several locations during its years of operation.

Meiss rebuilt the mill in 1870, west of Victoria, near Coleto Creek. It soon was moved to Meiss' farm near Spring Creek, north of Victoria, where it could catch the coastal winds. The structure is 35-feet tall with four 15-foot blades. The main shaft is 20-feet long with a 15-inch diameter. Huge gears, 20-feet in diameter, drive gears attached to a wooden shaft, which in turn moves the grinding stone. The stones are capable of grinding 500 pounds of cornmeal a week. The superstructure, shafts, and log wheels are origina


Landmark Location

City of Victoria, Parks & Recreation Dept.
Victoria, TX

Plaque location

inside security fence at windmill location

Visiting Info:

by appointment

Links: Visitor info to Victoria:

Ceremony Notes

May 1991

Comments from Visitors/Members

1992 Survey (1992/03/01) by Dwight Heath: This landmark is located on a regularly maintained part of the Victoria, Texas, Parks system. Routine grounds maintenance is performed. Necessary minor maintenance of external wood parts (minimal) is performed, as needed, to maintain appearance of windmill.