NOTE: This is IMECE 2017
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International Mechanical Engineering
Congress & Exposition®

Tampa Convention Center, Tampa, Florida

November 3-9, 2017
November 5-8, 2017

Program - Track Plenary Speakers



Track 1: Acoustics, Vibration, and Phononics

Massimo Ruzzene

Massimo Ruzzene

Title:Symmetry and Reciprocity Breaking in Electromechanical Metamaterials and Structural Lattices

Abstract: Recent breakthroughs in condensed matter physics are opening new directions in band engineering and wave manipulation. Specifically, challenging the notions of reciprocity, time-reversal symmetry and sensitivity to defects in wave propagation may disrupt ways in which mechanical and acoustic metamaterials are designed and employed, and may enable totally new functionalities. Non-reciprocity and topologically protected wave propagation will have profound implications on how stimuli and information are transmitted within materials, or how energy can be guided and steered so that its effects may be controlled or mitigated.

The seminar will briefly introduce the state-of-the-art in this emerging field, and will present concepts exploiting electro-mechanical coupling and chiral and non-local interactions in mechanical lattices. Shunted piezo-electric patches are exploited to achieve time-modulated mechanical properties which lead to one-directional wave propagation in one-dimensional mechanical waveguides. A framework to realize helical edge states in two identical lattices with interlayer coupling is also presented. The methodology systematically leads to mechanical lattices that exhibit one-way, edge-bound, defect-immune, non-reciprocal wave motion. The presented concepts find potential application in vibration reduction, noise control or stress wave mitigation systems, and as part of surface acoustic wave devices capable of isolator, gyrator and circulator-like functions on compact acoustic platforms.

Biography: Massimo Ruzzene is the Pratt and Whitney Professor of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech. He is author of 2 books, 155 journal papers and about 180 conference papers, and has participated to projects funded by the AFOSR, ARO, ONR, NASA, US Army, US Navy, DARPA, and NSF, as well as numerous companies. His work focuses on solid mechanics, structural dynamics and wave propagation with application to structural health monitoring, metamaterials, and vibration & noise control. M. Ruzzene is a Fellow of ASME, an Associate Fellow of AIAA, and a member of AHS, and ASA.

Track 2: Advanced Manufacturing

Ravi Thyagarajan

Ravi Thyagarajan

Title: Advanced Manufacturing in the Lightweighting of Military Ground Vehicles

Abstract: Weights of military ground vehicles have been continuously rising in response to ever-increasing threats and expanding vehicle protection areas to those threats. This has resulted in reduction of expeditionary capabilities and in increased costs and sustainment challenges. Being expeditionary ensures that the Army retains operational advantages while (1) increasing global, operational, and tactical mobility, (2) improving global responsiveness. The Army’s ability to project forces, conduct forcible and early entry, and transition rapidly to offensive operations is critical to ensuring access and seizing the initiative. The US Army has developed a Lightweight Combat Vehicle Science and Technology (S&T) Campaign (LCVSTC) with specific recommendations in organizational, design, material and manufacturing domains. One of the findings of the cross-organizational team performing the strategic review was that the predominant hurdles in enabling lighter ground vehicles do not necessarily lie purely in materials science research, but rather in the Modeling and Simulation (M&S) and manufacturing technologies required for the same. These and other campaign recommendations that the Army develop clear metrics quantifying an understanding of the operational impact that weight reduction has to the Army will be discussed in more detail. This talk will provide the underlying motivation for light-weighting of military ground vehicles, and the similarities and differences to corresponding efforts for commercial vehicles. The application of advanced manufacturing in the light-weighting of military ground Vehicles will be discussed. Research and innovations in different areas such as Friction Stir Welding and other Multi-material joining technologies, Additive Manufacturing, production processing and development of advanced steel and aluminum alloys, corrosion mitigation, etc., will be described.

Biography: Dr. Ravi Thyagarajan is a Science and Technology (S&T) acquisition professional and currently serves as the Senior Technical Expert (STE) in Materials/Product Lifecycle engineering at US Army TARDEC, in Warren, Michigan. He is responsible for helping shape the engineering and research direction for materials-related initiatives such as Light-weighting, Additive Manufacturing, Multi-material joining, Materials development, as well as Modeling and Simulation (M&S) in support of the same. His most recent assignment was as the TARDEC Deputy Chief Scientist for over three years.

He started his civilian career in 2009 as a Senior Technical Specialist in TARDEC/ Analytics where he was the M&S Lead for several underbody blast programs. He was the TARDEC Action Officer for underbody modeling research programs across the DoD such as the Underbody Blast Methodology for Test and Evaluation (UBM/T&E). As the M&S lead for the Occupant-Centric Platform (OCP) Technology-Enabled Capability Demonstrator (TECD) project, he focused on the development of crash-worthy and blast-worthy ground vehicles, with special emphasis on occupant kinematics and safety.

He received the Army Materiel Command Systems Analysis awards in 2010 and 2012. He was coauthor of research publications that won the Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium (GVSETS) Best Paper Awards in 2013 and 2015. He is a Member of the Army Acquisition Corps, and is a Certified Acquisition Professional as Systems Engineer, Program Manager and S&T Manager. In 2017, he received the Army Commander’s Award for Civilian Service.

He spent over 15 years in the automotive industry at Ford Motor and Visteon Corporation, where he was involved in all aspects of the product development lifecycle of automotive interiors. His automotive experience includes leadership roles in concept-to-launch product design, human factors/ergonomics development, as well as in the standardized application of CAE tools during the overall design engineering process. He received several awards for his pioneering efforts, including the President’s level Customer-Driven Quality award. He received his Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Applied Mechanics from Caltech, Pasadena. His doctoral dissertation was on the Modeling and Analysis of Hysteretic Structural Behavior. He has three patents, widely published with over 60 technical papers and is Co-organizer of SAE Congress sessions and Associate Editor for the SAE Journals. In 2013, he received the SAE Forest R McFarland Award.

Khershed Cooper

Khershed Cooper

Title: Perspectives in Advanced and Nano Manufacturing

Abstract: Advanced manufacturing is the application of innovative technologies to accelerate product development, customize products, increase production efficiency and reduce cost. There is a need for rapid transfer of S&T research into manufacturing processes and products. Products are getting complex, require a high level of design, need to be exciting, reliable and affordable and meet societal needs. To meet these product requirements, new manufacturing approaches are needed. In the last several decades, novel process technologies have emerged—CAD/CAM/CAE, precision systems, IT, robotics, intelligent systems, automation, advanced control systems, new production platforms, mass customization, and green manufacturing. The interest in advanced manufacturing is driven by the need to maintain US manufacturing competitiveness, globally. To achieve this goal requires moving efficiently and rapidly from research to prototype to product. The challenge is to close these gaps, which can be done by developing a close connection between research, design and production. Production innovation is most efficient when tied to a close understanding of manufacturing processes. To transform production, new manufacturing paradigms involving cyber, nano, additive, smart, etc. need to be cultivated. Nanomanufacturing, in particular, has achieved significant advances over the last two decades. It is the fabrication of nano-scale building-blocks (nanomaterials, nanostructures), their assembly into higher-order structures (nanodevices and nanosystems), and the integration of these into larger scale systems. Nanomanufacturing research is the study of processes to manipulate and control matter at the nano-scale, reproducibly. The nano-scale dimension is one where a significant benefit in materials behavior occurs, usually, 1-100 nm. Top-down (e.g., lithography) and bottom-up (e.g., self-assembly) methods and techniques make up a suite of more than 150 nano-scale processes. Integration could be across length scales, geometries, materials and functions, and could provide a means of forming complex, heterogeneous systems exhibiting unusual properties. The goal is to bridge the gap between nanoscience discoveries and nanotechnology products. NSF is advancing research in nanomanufacturing through several programs. These support fundamental research to enable and improve the large-scale or customized manufacture of nano-scale materials, structures, devices and systems, backed by model-based experimental verification and process validation approaches. A key focus of the programs is research leading to new nanomanufacturing methods, tools and platforms. Projects address manufacturability challenges such as scalability, customizability, sustainability, efficiency, controllability, yield and cost, and involve studies of unit processes, in-line and off-line metrology and closed-loop process control. This talk will give research perspectives in advanced and nano manufacturing and discuss future opportunities.

Biography: Dr. Khershed P. Cooper is a Program Director (PD) in the Civil, Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) Division of the Engineering Directorate at NSF. He directs the Nanomanufacturing Program, the Scalable Nanomanufacturing for Integrated Systems Solicitation and the manufacturing NSECs. He serves as a co-PD for ERCs. He represents NSF on NSTC's Nano Science Engineering & Technology (NSET) Sub-committee, and is a member of its Nanotechnology Innovation and Commercialization Ecosystem (NICE) working group and of the NNI's Signature Initiative: Sustainable Nanomanufacturing. He contributes to the development of the Manufacturing USA Institutes and is a SME for NextFlex FHE-MII. Prior to joining NSF, Dr. Cooper was a Program Officer at ONR and a Senior Research Metallurgist at NRL. While at ONR he managed the Manufacturing Science Program, focusing on additive manufacturing (3D printing) and nanomanufacturing, and several SBIR/STTR and ManTech projects in various areas of the manufacturing. His research work at NRL was in the areas of materials science and processing, specifically metallic alloys and nanostructured materials. He has given keynote and plenary talks at international conferences and workshops. He has nearly 150 publications, over 150 invited talks, 70 contributed presentations, edited one book and holds one patent. He has organized and participated in several symposia and workshops in additive manufacturing and nanomanufacturing. He is a Fellow of ASM International and a recipient of its prestigious Burgess Memorial Award. His technical interests are materials science, advanced manufacturing and nanotechnology. His other interests are classical music, European history and armchair politics.

Track 3: Advances In Aerospace Technology

Daniel Inman

Daniel Inman

Title: The Role of Composites in Avian Inspired Morphing UAVs

Abstract: The aerodynamics and control that birds using in gliding result in efficiencies in performance not yet realized by fixed wing aircraft. With the advent of smart, multifunctional composites, it is now possible to implement motions inspired by avian gliding in small, unmanned air vehicles (UAV). Initially motivated by the casual observation of flight control motions made by birds, morphing research has proceeded with only limited understanding of how and why birds use their aerodynamic surfaces for flight control. In addition, previous research has not made use of the full spectrum of active materials. A summary of relevant previous results from two fields: avian biology and morphing aircraft, is presented followed by current results on morphing trailing edge research and rudderless yaw control.

It is noted that birds to not have a vertical tail yet have substantial yaw stability and control. By integrating smart materials into the rudderless tail of a small UAV yaw stability and control is investigated in the wind tunnel. The tail consists of Macro Fiber Composites (MFCs) consisting of PZT rods oriented at θ degrees were simulated to induce bending twisting coupling in the control surface. When actuated, the resulting deformation has a novel curvature, which is used to produce a restoring moment over a large range of sideslip angles. This work shows that the complex 3D curvature induced by the MFCs substantially aids in increasing the yaw moment, maintains directional stability and increases stability in diving maneuvers.

Birds also use a shape changing trialing edge in gliding maneuvers. Here we present a combination of shape memory alloys and MFCs to experimentally investigate the aerodynamic advantages of shape changing, spanwise trailing edges for small UAVs. This work investigates the capabilities of the a smart composite trailing edge to adapt to nonlinear aerodynamics which is then applied to stall recovery, by tailoring the trailing edge deflection of the six actuators. In order to predict the actuator configurations for stall recovery, a model which accurately captures the nonlinear behavior of finite wing aerodynamics.

Biography: Daniel J. Inman received his Ph.D. from Michigan State University in Mechanical Engineering in 1980 and is Chair of the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Michigan, as well as the C. L. "Kelly" Johnson Collegiate Professor. Since 1980, he has published eight books (on vibration, energy harvesting, control, statics, and dynamics), eight software manuals, 20 book chapters, over 350 journal papers and 600 proceedings papers, given 62 keynote or plenary lectures, graduated 62 Ph.D. students and supervised more than 75 MS degrees. He works in the area of applying smart structures to solve aerospace engineering problems including energy harvesting, structural health monitoring, vibration suppression and morphing aircraft. He is a Fellow of AIAA, ASME, IIAV, SEM and AAM.

Track 3: Advances In Aerospace Technology

Olivier Allix

Olivier Allix

Title: Virtual Material and Structural Testing of Composites: Micro / Meso-Modelling and Associated Multiscale Computational Tools

Abstract: Despite many studies since the beginning of the eighties, the prediction of the mechanical response up to failure of composite structures remains a challenge from a scientific as well as an industrial point of view. This is due mainly to (i) the large number of parameters involved in the design of composites and (ii) the complex state of stress which leads to the initiation and the propagation of damages up to failure? In industry, the damage tolerance prediction is based on semi-empirical criteria. Prior to using such criteria, industries are led to perform very large numbers of experimental tests in order to certify this tolerance.

One of the industrial objectives is to replace some of these numerous these tests by numerical simulations, in other words, to perform Virtual StructuralTesting (VST). The novelty is that now industries are confident that this is possible. In fact, thanks to the increasing power of computers, the calculation of refined delamination has become affordable, which has led to new research projects in this area, which was less active a few years ago.

In the last twenty years, there have been many advances toward a better understanding of damage mechanisms and the mechanics of laminated composites, both on the microscale and on the mesoscale coupled with the development of advanced anisotropic material models. In fact, today, some industrial programs do include more or less refined composite damage models. Industries seek confidence in models and in numerical techniques not only for static loading (calculation and optimization of joints) or quasi-static loading (low-velocity impact), but even more for dynamic loading (composite shock absorbers, impact simulation on composite parts for aeronautics). A similar requirement concerns the delamination tolerance regarding initial delamination defects.

On all these questions, progress has recently been made but is still far from sufficient. Some of the corresponding challenges, which will be addressed during the presentation, are:

  • the confidence in the model: micro-model vs. meso-model
  • the robust calculation of failure (delamination, failure in compression ...)

Unfortunately the use of micro or meso models leads, even for simple specimens, to enormous difficulties such as the huge required number of degrees of freedom Hence the simulation of industrial structures is not affordable with traditional computational approaches. Therefore damage in composite computation appears to be a fantastic playground for all the emerging computational techniques and in particular non-linear multi-scale strategies suitable for large parallel computing.

Track 4: Biomedical And Biotechnology Engineering

Daniel P. Ferris

Daniel P. Ferris

Title: Interfacing Humans and Machines: Robotic Exoskeletons, Bionic Prostheses, and Mobile Brain Imaging

Abstract: Robotic technologies have greatly advanced in recent years, enabling the creation of new wearable sensors and motorized devices. Robotic exoskeletons for human performance augmentation or neurological rehabilitation are in development and testing at many locations around the globe. Bionic lower limb prostheses are becoming practical solutions for amputees. However, one of the fundamental roadblocks for both robotic exoskeletons and bionic prostheses is the control. Better control approaches are needed to make the devices move in smooth coordination with the human users. One possibility to get better control of wearable robotic devices is to obtain feedforward neural commands from the user. Dan Ferris will present on research aimed at merging humans and machines, outlining the major obstacles remaining to produce truly cooperative human-machine systems.

Biography: Daniel P. Ferris is the Robert W. Adenbaum Professor of Engineering Innovation at the University of Florida J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering. He studies how to integrate machines and humans to improve human performance and mobility in health and disability. Specific research projects focus on robotic lower limb exoskeletons, bionic lower limb prostheses, and mobile brain imaging with high-density electroencephalography. Prof. Ferris completed his B.S. from the University of Central Florida, his M.S. from the University of Miami, and his Ph.D. from University of California, Berkeley. After earning his doctoral degree, he worked as a post-doctoral researcher in the UCLA Department of Neurology and the University of Washington Department of Electrical Engineering.

Track 4: Biomedical And Biotechnology Engineering

Albert Manero

Albert Manero

Title: Neuroprosthetic Engineering With Artistic Expression Via Additive Manufacturing

Abstract: Access to functional bionic devices for pediatric and adolescent patient groups is limited due to significant challenges. High monetary device costs coupled with rapid physical growth by users has yielded a limited accessibility paradigm. Further, traditional devices have historically demonstrated high rejection rates from children who do have access. To change that, our team formed Limbitless Solutions, an engineering innovation company that helps children in need through the design and delivery of 3-D printed bionic limbs and disability technology that are donated to every family. By re-framing the disability challenges with technology and art, we helped the kids discover and freely express their own identities without fear. The non-profit organization is a direct support organization for the University of Central Florida, uses additive manufacturing to advance artistically personalized bionics and solutions for disabilities. Their work focused on combining non-organic forms with colorful design elements to foster user adoption. The use of electromyographic sensing at the distal abbreviated limb allows for reliable bio-sensing used to activated motors for grip control. Signals processing of electromyographic waves allowed for reliability and minimal adaptation time when calibrated.

Further innovation has continued with the first of its kind Xavier hands-free wheel electromyographic wheel chair control system. This system allows for wheel chair users with limited dexterity where otherwise a joystick could not be used for navigation to remain independent by providing direct control with facial muscle gesture control. This advancement has the potential to impact the lives of patient groups that otherwise would remain immobile.

Biography: Dr. Albert Manero is the President of Limbitless Solutions non-profit, a direct support organization for the University of Central Florida. Limbitless Solutions is an engineering innovation company that helps children in need through the design and delivery of 3-D printed bionic limbs and disability technology that are donated to every family. The non-profit organization uses additive manufacturing to advance artistically personalized bionics and solutions for disabilities. He holds a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Central Florida. Limbitless Solutions started as a student project at the University of Central Florida with a group of fellow students who combined their academic skills with an innovative and entrepreneurial spirit to advance the field of bionics.

Track 5: Dynamics, Vibration, And Control

Walter Lacarbonara

Walter Lacarbonara

Title: Nonlinear Dynamics for Design Across Different Scales: Challenges and Opportunities Abstract: Nonlinear dynamics is a mature field of research that has been traditionally focused on investigation and prediction of dynamical phenomena ensuing from system nonlinearities and/or interaction force fields. There is an on-going paradigm shift in the design of high-performance structures and devices by which new ways are sought to exploit advantageously different kinds of nonlinearities at different scales rather than enforcing constrains to overcome the onset of nonlinear phenomena. Advanced tools of robust nonlinear modelling, analysis, identification and optimization can be turned into powerful design tools tailored for achieving high levels of vibration control authority and synthesis of engineered systems and materials.

First, the general principles of active resonance cancellation based on perturbation techniques are illustrated in the context of magnetically levitated bodies, cranes, and beams. The active control inputs delivered by the different actuators can be shaped to suppress resonances possessing an activation threshold as is the case for parametric resonances or subharmonic/superharmonic resonances.

Nonlinear passive absorbers based on hysteretic nonlinearities can also be designed to outperform linear viscoelastic absorbers in predefined ranges of operation. This is achieved by using wire ropes made of shape memory alloy (SMA) wires and steel wires for which the interwire friction and the SMA phase transformations are the primary mechanisms of energy dissipation. In this context, perturbation methods and differential evolution algorithms are employed synergestically to drive the optimization process triggered by the approximate nonlinear solutions afforded by asymptotics. Examples are shown dealing with sway control of a five-story building and flutter control of a long-span suspension bridge.

In conclusion, recent advances on high-damping nanomaterials made of a hosting matrix with dispersed carbon nanotubes are discussed. The hysteresis exhibited as frictional sliding between carbon nanotubes and the polymer chains of the hosting matrix can be largely modified and optimized by adjusting the micro-structural constitutive features within the developed computational framework to optimize vibration absorption up to unprecedented levels. Recent experimental and modeling efforts are discussed in the context of new directions in material design for dynamic applications.

Biography: Walter Lacarbonara is a Professor of Nonlinear Dynamics at Sapienza University. During his graduate education he was awarded a MS in Structural Engineering (Sapienza University) and a MS in Engineering Mechanics (Virginia Tech, USA), and a PhD in Nonlinear Structural Dynamics. His research interests cover nonlinear structural dynamics; asymptotic techniques; nonlinear control of vibrations; experimental nonlinear dynamics; dynamic stability of structures (suspension/arch bridges, aircraft wings, magnetically levitated rotating rings); modeling and dynamics of macro and nanocomposites. He is Editor in Chief of Nonlinear Dynamics, Associate Editor of the Journal of Sound and Vibration, the ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, and the International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences. He is currently serving as Chair of the ASME Technical Committee on Multibody System and Nonlinear Dynamics. He served as general co-Chair and technical program co-Chair of the ASME 2015 (Boston, USA) and 2013 (Portland, USA) IDETC Conferences. He has organized over 10 international symposia and conference sessions.

His research is supported by national and international sources. Among the most recent grants, PI of a European Office of Aerospace Research and Development/Air Force Office of Scientific Research Grant titled "Bridging high strength and dissipation in carbon nanotube composites"; co-Pi of an EOARD/AFOSR Grant titled "Highly reconfigurable, multistable composites with tunable global/local morphing capability"; PI of a Bridgestone Grant titled "Nonlinear dynamic models of lightweight tires and experimental validation".

He has been awarded fellowships as a visting professor by JSPS (Tsukuba, Japan); IPST (College Park, MD, USA); IFSTTAR (Paris, France). He has published over 220 papers and conference proceedings, 3 patents, 10 book chapters, and a Springer book (Nonlinear Structural Mechanics. Theory, dynamical phenomena and modeling) for which he received the 2013 Texty Award nomination by Springer US.

Hornsen (Hs) Tzou

Hornsen (Hs) Tzou

Title: Smart Structures and Structronic Systems: Three-decades from Satellites, Precision Machines to Micro-, Nano-Manipulations

Abstract: The synergistic integration of smart materials, structures, machines, sensors, actuators, and control electronics can transform conventional passive structures and machines to active, adaptive, and "smart" structronic (structure + electronic) or mechatronic systems with inherent self-sensing, diagnosis, actuation and control capabilities. Research and development of the emerging technology of smart structures and structronic systems have been evolving for about three decades. Sophisticated multi-field/control coupling and multi-physics theories have been developed and numerous practical applications have also been proposed. This report focuses on histories, smart materials (e.g., piezoelectrics, electro-/magneto-/photo-strictive materials, shape memory materials, electro- and magneto-rheological fluids, polyelectrolyte gels, pyroelectric materials, magneto-optical materials, superconductors, etc.), precision devices (sensors and actuators), micro-/nano-actuations, smart structures, mechatronic and structronic systems, and photo-thermo-electro-magneto-mechanical systems encompassing elastic, temperature, electric, magnetic, light, and control interactions. Designs are emphasized; modern research issues are also discussed.

Biography: Hornsen (HS) TZOU is the Director of Interdisciplinary Research Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics in College of Aerospace Engineering at Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (09/2015-…), the 1st--round National Professor and Fellow of the Chinese Thousand-Talent Program, ASME Fellow (1996), Professor-Emeritus of the University of Kentucky and Chair-Professor (03/2016-…) at Zhejiang University. He earned his M.S. and Ph.D. from the School of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University in 1979 and 1983 respectively. He was among the pioneers in "smart structures and structronic systems." His research and teaching interests encompass hybrid multi-functional photo/flexo/megneto/electro/elastic structures, precision mechatronics, design and micro actuation of biomedical devices, dynamics and distributed sensing/control of discrete and distributed systems (shells, plates, etc.), nonlinear joint/contact dynamics and control, etc. He was invited and worked at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) (Kanagawa, Japan), Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan), the Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg and German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) (Braunschweig, Germany), Amway Research R&D (IRI/ASEE Fellow, 1988), Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan) (2001 Chair of International Cooperation), NASA Levis, Harbin Institute of Technology (China), National Taiwan University (NSC Chair Professor,2006-07), etc. Dr. Tzou has won six paper awards (including ASME and AIAA Best Paper Awards), three NASA Class-1 New Technology Disclosure Awards (2001, 2003 and 2009) and six ASME service awards. He has authored and co authored several research monographs and over 500 technical publications and was named "One of the Most Cited Authors," by Journal of Sound of Vibration in 11/2006; "2011 top-ten cited paper" in Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures and Elsevier 2014/2016 one of "the most cited researchers in Mechanical Engineering" in China. He authored Piezoelectric Shells (Distributed Sensing and Control of Continua) and Design of Smart Structures, Devices and Structronic Systems and edited six other books. He was Chair of ASME Board on Technical Knowledge Dissemination (BTKD), Executive Member of ASME Technical Communities Operating Board (TCOB) and Chair of ASME Interdisciplinary Councils, a founding member of the ASME Adaptive Structures and Material Systems Committee, General Chair of the 2007 ASME International Design Technical Conferences and Computers & Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC/CIE), Conference Chair of the 21st Mechanical Vibration and Sound Conference, Co-chair of the 23 International Conference on Adaptive Structures Technologies, etc.

Track 6: Education And Globalization

Esther Akinlabi

Esther Akinlabi

Title: Diversity in Global Engineering Education

Abstract: Despite a common goal of preparing engineering graduates for the industry and ensuring that they fit into the society to perform their anticipated roles of proffering solutions, the author through her wide travel experiences observed that there is a wide range of diversity in the engineering curriculum globally. These ranges from typical examples of some institutions in Mexico and France having a compulsory undergraduate component of international exposure as part of the requirements for the award of their degrees to the entrepreneurship skill acquisition knowledge required in some institutions in Brazil. It was interesting to note that a strong component in some Chilean universities was encouraging engineering students to participate actively in sporting exercises as extracurricular activities by providing very attractive state of the art sporting facilities. The proximity of the sporting facilities within the engineering building further enhanced participation. While in South Africa, the engineering curriculum has remained traditional with a little shift in responding to global challenges like energy and advanced manufacturing. With the advent of #feesmustfall and #decolonizationofknowledge, a module has now been recently introduced titled African Insight which is a compulsory module for all students at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa including the undergraduate engineering students. The module is intended to devolutionalise colonisation of knowledge; this stems from a country with past history of apartheid. In a further response to the #decolonizationofknowledge, engineering projects are now being tailored to respond to the needs of local communities. Against this background, this paper is aimed at comparing the diversity observed in the engineering curricula across various countries and across some continents.

Biography: Dr. Esther Akinlabi, Mechanical Engineering Science, Auckland Park Kingsway Campus, University of Johannesburg, South Africa is Vice Dean for Teaching and Learning. She has led a team of undergraduates, master and doctoral students and postdoctoral researchers with a very active publishing record research related to laser material processing, and laser additive manufacturing coupled with dynamic international collaborations with researchers across the globe, especially Europe, North America and Asia. She has won many awards for her excellent record as a dedicated professor with high throughput in human resource development besides research accomplishments. She has traveled widely and observed the current status of engineering programs across the globe and will bring a unique perspective to the Education and Globalization Track audience.

Track 7: Emerging Technologies

Marie Mapes

Marie Mapes

Title: Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Technologies: U.S. Department of Energy Perspectives on Mechanical Engineering Research and Development Opportunities

Abstract: The U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Energy Technologies Office launched the SunShot Program in 2011 in order to decrease the cost of solar energy to $0.06/kWh by 2020 so that more Americans can take advantage of the clean, affordable power that solar provides. Now with the original SunShot target being within reach, the Department of Energy has committed to a new goal to decrease the cost of solar energy to $0.03/kWh by 2030 to further increase solar utilization and achieve solar deployment across more markets within the United States. In order to meet these targets, SunShot funds cooperative research and development projects on innovative solar technologies with many partners, including companies, universities, and national laboratories. Some of the challenges to lowering the cost of solar energy include increasing the durability of solar energy system components to withstand decades-long outdoor exposure, understanding sources of power performance degradation of photovoltaic modules and inverters over the devices' operating lifetimes, and decreasing the cost of manufacturing solar system components while maintaining high quality products. This talk will explore some of the opportunities in mechanical engineering research and development that can help achieve the new SunShot goals.

Biography: Dr. Marie Mapes is a Photovoltaic Technology Manager in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies Office (SETO). Her responsibilities focus on creating photovoltaic research and development programs that will help achieve the goals of the SunShot Initiative, and leading evaluation and assessment activities to improve the effectiveness of these programs. She entered DOE in 2006 as a Presidential Management Fellow. Since that time, she has been involved in the stewardship of the majority of SETO's photovoltaic-related research and development programs. The programs she is currently managing include: the second round of the Physics of Reliability: Evaluating Design Insights for Component Technologies In Solar, and the 2016 launch of the Photovoltaics Research and Development (PVRD) 2: Modules and Systems Funding Opportunity. Previously, she collaborated to bring DOE perspectives across private industry through her work at NGEN Partners, a venture capital firm, and across federal agencies through work at the National Science Foundation. Before coming to DOE, Dr. Mapes earned a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Wisconsin—Madison.

Track 8: Energy

Reinhard Radermacher

Reinhard Radermacher

Title: Thoughts of the Future of Energy in Buildings: An HVAC Perspective

Abstract: Increasing demands for energy efficiency are driving buildings to become net-zero-energy facilities. This presentation summarizes current approaches and outlines future developments and research needs for heating, ventilating and air-conditioning equipment, including a new generation of heat exchangers, heat pumping technologies and ventilation approaches.

Biography: Reinhard Radermacher holds a diploma and Ph.D. in physics from the Technical University of Munich and conducts research in heat transfer and working fluids for energy conversion systems — in particular heat pumps, air-conditioners, refrigeration systems, and integrated cooling heating and power systems.

His work resulted in nearly 400 publications, as well as numerous invention records and 12 patents. He has co-authored three books on absorption and vapor compression heat pumps. His research includes the development of software for the design and optimization of heat pumps and air-conditioners which is now in use at more than 60 companies worldwide.

Dr. Radermacher is Minta Martin professor of Mechanical Engineering and director and co-founder of the Center for Environmental Energy Engineering (CEEE). He represents the U.S. at the International Energy Agency Annexes 13, 34 and 40, is past vice president of Commission B1, and past president of Commission B2 of the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR).

In 2015 he was awarded the Institute of Refrigeration (IOR) J&E Hall Gold Medal and the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR) Gustav Lorentzen Medal, for his innovation and development in the field of refrigeration. He is Fellow ASHRAE and also holds memberships in ASME, SAE, DKV and IIR and serves as the Editor-in-Chief of ASHRAE's journal Science and Technology for the Built Environment.

He is co-founder and co-owner of Optimized Thermal Systems, providing custom simulation software services and innovative solutions to energy conversion challenges.

Track 9: Fluids Engineering

George S. Dulikravich

George S. Dulikravich

Title: Materials Processing Control Using Electric and Magnetic Fields

Abstract: This lecture will present a variety of mathematical models governing fluid flow and possible solidification processes under the influence of pressure, temperature, electric and magnetic fields. It will also illustrate a few applications of such combined fields when they are optimized in order to achieve certain desired features of the flow-field and the solid accrued during solidification. Finally, it will present a vision of the fully automated optimally controlled additive manufacturing using such fields combined with the optimized time-varying chemistry of the mixture of powders used in additive manufacturing.

Creation of arbitrarily shaped objects with specified functionally graded, spatially varying physical properties requires development of algorithms for optimal control of the manufacturing processes that include thermal, electric and magnetic fields. In case of creating composite materials, the fundamental concept is based on specifying a desired pattern of orientations and concentrations of microfibers in the final composite material product. Then, the task is to determine the proper strengths, locations, and orientations of magnets and/or electrodes that will have to be placed along the boundaries of the curing composite part so that the resulting magnetic and/or electric field lines of force will coincide with the specified (desired) pattern of the coated microfibers' distribution. The basic idea is that the coated fibers will align with the local magnetic lines of force. The pattern of these lines depends on the solidifying resin flow-field and the variation of the applied magnetic field.

Thus, the successful accomplishment of the proposed solidification process involves the development of an appropriate software package for the numerical solution of the partial differential equations governing combined Electro-Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics (EMHD) or Magneto-Hydro-Dynamics (MHD) or Electro-Hydro-Dynamics (EHD) involving liquid flow, electric field, magnetic field, and heat transfer that includes solid-liquid phase change.

In the case of additive manufacturing, this concept requires determination of spatial variation of physical properties that will create desired effects on the boundary of the functionally graded object by optimally time-varying chemical composition of the mixture of alloying powders, intensity and frequency of the melting high energy beam and the motion of the beam or the substrate.

In addition, it involves development of a constrained optimization software package that is capable of automatically determining the correct strengths, locations, and orientations of a finite number of magnets and electrodes that will produce the desired magnetic and electric field force pattern in the melt of the solid object been created

Biography: Professor George S. Dulikravich (Ph.D., Cornell'79; M.Sc., Minnesota'75; Dipl.-Ing., Belgrade'73) worked as a NRC Associate Fellow at NASA LeRC, a Visiting Scientist at DFVLR-Goettingen, Assistant Professor at University of Texas-Austin('82-'86), Associate Professor at the Pennsylvania State University ('86-'99), Professor at Univ. of Texas at Arlington ('99-'03), and MME Department Chairman ('03-'09) and Professor ('03-present) at Florida International University. He has authored and co-authored over 500 technical publications in diverse fields involving computational and analytical fluid mechanics, subsonic, transonic and hypersonic aerodynamics; inverse design and shape optimization of airfoils, wings and winglets; theoretical and computational electro-magneto-hydrodynamics and conjugate heat transfer including solidification; optimization of cooling protocols for human organs; acceleration of iterative algorithms; computational grid generation; multi-disciplinary aero-thermo-structural inverse problems; design and constrained optimization in turbomachinery; fluid flow and heat transfer in networks of micro/nano passages and arrays of pin-fins, and multi-objective design optimization of chemical compositions of arbitrary alloys. He is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of the international journal on Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering (founded in 1994) and an Associate Editor of ten additional journals. He is also the founder, chairman and editor of the sequence of International Conferences on Inverse Design Concepts and Optimization in Engineering Sciences (ICIDES) and International Symposium on Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization (IPDO). Professor Dulikravich is a Fellow of the American Academy of Mechanics, a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, a Fellow of Royal Aeronautical Society, and an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Track 10: Heat Transfer And Thermal Engineering

Ralph Coats Roe Medal

Adrian Bejan

Adrian Bejan

Title: The Evolution of Everything

Abstract: What is evolution and why does it exist in the geophysical, biological, social and technological realms – in short, everywhere? Why is there a time direction – a time arrow – in the changes we know are happening every moment and everywhere?

These are questions of physics, about everything. The physics answer is that nothing lives, flows, moves and morphs unless it is driven by power and has freedom to change. The power is destroyed by the flows, and the flow architectures evolve into configurations that provide progressively greater access for movement.

The universal natural tendency to ‘evolve’ was placed in physics by the constructal law (1996). In this lecture I show why this law is useful to us. We are the evolving "human & machine species." Evolution can be put to use in our lifetime in technology, transportation, urban design, spreading and collecting, miniaturization, communications, science, government and the unstoppable march to freedom, access, wealth and knowledge.

Biography: The Ralph Coats Roe Medal, established in 1972, recognizes an outstanding contribution toward a better public understanding and appreciation of the engineer’s worth to contemporary society.

Adrian Bejan, Ph.D., J.A. Jones distinguished professor of mechanical engineering at Duke University in Durham, N.C., is recognized for permanent contributions to the public appreciation of the pivotal role of engineering in an advanced society through outstanding accomplishments as an engineering scientist and educator, renowned communicator and prolific writer.

Dr. Bejan has been a member of the faculty at Duke since 1984. His research is in thermodynamics, applied physics, constructal law, and design and evolution in nature (animate, inanimate, human). He is the author/co-author of 30 books and 630 peer-reviewed journal articles.

An ASME Fellow, Dr. Bejan was awarded Honorary Membership in 2011. Previously he received the Society’s Gustus L. Larson Memorial Award in 1988, James Harry Potter Gold Medal in 1990, Heat Transfer Memorial Award – Science in 1994, Worcester Reed Warner Medal in 1996, Charles Russ Richards Memorial Award in 2001 and Edward F. Obert Award in 2004; and the Max Jakob Memorial Award from ASME’s Heat Transfer Division and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers in 1999.

Among his other honors, Dr. Bejan received the Luikov Medal from the International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer in 2006 and the Donald Q. Kern Award from AIChE in 2008. He is a member of the Academy of Europe, the Romanian Academy and the Academy of Sciences of Moldova. Dr. Bejan earned his bachelor’s, master’s and Ph.D. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge in 1971, 1972 and 1975, respectively. He spent two years as a postdoctoral Fellow at the Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Bejan holds 18 honorary doctorates from universities in 11 countries.

Track 11: Materials: Genetics To Structures

Gurswami Ravichandran

Gurswami Ravichandran

Title: Biological Cell-Matrix Interactions in Fibrous Extracellular Materials

Abstract: Biological cells are complex living systems that can be viewed as micromachines, which derive many of their mechanical functions from the molecular motors within the cell. The force that cells apply to their surrounding extracellular matrix through focal adhesions control processes such as growth, adhesion, development and migration. A new experimental approach to quantify three dimensional full-field displacements and tractions due to cells embedded in a fibrous matrix is presented. Cells and their surrounding matrix are imaged in three dimensions using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Cell-induced matrix displacements are computed using digital volume correlation. The full-field tractions are computed directly from the displacement data. The simultaneous imaging of the cell and the labeled matrix enables the study of cell-matrix interactions and the consequences of matrix remodeling due to cell-induced forces. The three dimensional traction force microscopy technique is used to investigate how cells employ physical forces during cell division, spreading and sensing. In a three-dimensional fibrous matrix, dividing cells apply tensile force to the matrix through thin, persistent extensions that in turn direct the orientation and location of the daughter cells. During spreading, cells extend thin protrusions into the matrix and apply forces using these protrusions. These forces lead to the formation of localized intercellular bands of tensile deformations. A constitutive model for a fibrous material to simulate deformations induced by cells is presented. It is shown that cells in a fibrous matrix induce deformation fields that propagate over a longer range than predicted by linear elasticity. The model captures measured cell induced matrix displacements from experiments and identifies loss of compression stiffness due to microbuckling of fibers as an important mechanism for long-range cell mechanosensing.

Biography: Guruswami (Ravi) Ravichandran is the John E. Goode, Jr. Professor of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering and Otis Booth Leadership Chair of the Division of Engineering and Applied Science at the California Institute of Technology. He received his B.E. (Honors) in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Madras, Sc.M. in Engineering and Applied Mathematics, and Ph.D. in Engineering (Solid Mechanics and Structures) from Brown University. He has held visiting scholar appointments at Ecole Polytechnique, France (CNRS Senior Scientist), Tokyo Institute of Technology (Chair in International Cooperation) and Indian Institute of Science (Aditya Birla Chair). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, International Academy of Engineering, and European Academy of Sciences and Arts. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM) and American Academy of Mechanics (AAM). He received a Doctor honoris causa from Paul Verlaine University. He was named Chevalier de l'ordre des Palmes Academiques by the Republic of France. His awards include A.C. Eringen Medal from the Society of Engineering Science, Warner T. Koiter Medal from ASME, Charles Russ Richards Medal from Pi Tau Sigma and ASME, and William M. Murray Lecture Award from SEM. His research interests are in mechanics of materials including deformation, damage and failure, micro/nano mechanics, wave propagation, composites, active materials, biomaterials and cell mechanics, and experimental methods.

Track 11: Materials: Genetics to Structures

Alan Needleman

Alan Needleman

Title: Modeling Mesoscale Heterogeneous Plastic Deformation

Abstract: Plastic deformation generally occurs by a series of discrete events, including, for example, glide of dislocations between obstacles, deformation twinning or the atomic rearrangements known as shear transformation zones (STZs). A method for solving plasticity problems with plastic deformation arising from the evolution of a collection of discrete carriers of plasticity will be discussed. Both dislocation plasticity and STZ plasticity will be considered, but a main focus will be on STZ plasticity, in particular for metallic glasses. At each instant, superposition is used to represent the boundary value problem solution in terms of a collection of discrete entities, which are given in terms of analytical solutions for an infinite elastic medium, and an image solution that enforces the prescribed boundary conditions on the finite solid of interest. The image problem corresponds to a standard linear elastic boundary value problem. Constitutive relations are specified for the kinetics of the dislocation motion or for the STZ transformation. Solutions to a variety of boundary value problems will be presented to illustrate the capabilities and potential of the framework. Needs and opportunities for extending the framework will also be mentioned.

Biography: Alan Needleman completed his Ph.D. in Engineering at Harvard University in 1970. He then spent five years in Applied Mathematics at MIT before moving to Brown University where he became Florence Pirce Grant University Professor in 1996. He retired from Brown in June 2009 and moved to the Materials Science and Engineering Department at the University of North Texas (UNT). In January 2015 he left UNT and is now a University Distinguished Professor and TEES Distinguished Research Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University. His contributions include the development of a ductile fracture computational methodology, the development of cohesive surface methods for fracture analysis and creation of a framework that enables using discrete dislocation plasticity to solve general boundary value problems. Professor Needleman was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1977, and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has been awarded the Prager Medal by the Society of Engineering Science, the Drucker and Timoshenko Medals by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Professor Needleman also holds honorary doctorates from the Technical University of Denmark and Ecole Normale Superior de Cachan (France), and is an Honorary Professor of Dalian University of Technology (China).

Track 12: Mechanics of Solids, Fluids, and Structures

Howard Stone

Howard Stone

Title: New Observations with Multiphase Flows: From a Classical Instability to Membraneless Filtration

Abstract: Fluid mechanics is a discipline with rich phenomena, spanning a wide range of laminar and turbulent flows, instabilities, and applications in industry, nature, and biology and medicine. The subject of "complex fluids" refers to flows where the complexity is introduced by the presence of interfaces, suspended particles (e.g. cells, polymers), multiple phases, and includes soft boundaries, electrokinetic effects, etc. These problems naturally link the subject of fluid mechanics to many science and engineering disciplines. I will provide examples of our work highlighting (i) new features of classical instabilities triggered (and controlled) by changes in geometry, (ii) unexpected dynamics in single-phase and multi-phase flow at a T-junction, and (iii) a new electrokinetic approach for membraneless filtration of aqueous solutions, which suggests a potential technology and use in resource-poor settings. The themes will be illustrated by a variety of results from experiments and simulations, with brief remarks about available quantitative understanding.

Biography: Professor Howard A. Stone received the Bachelor of Science degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Davis in 1982 and the PhD in Chemical Engineering from Caltech in 1988. Following a postdoctoral year in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge, in 1989 Howard joined the faculty of the (now) School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University, where he eventually became the Vicky Joseph Professor of Engineering and Applied Mathematics. In 1994 he received both the Joseph R. Levenson Memorial Award and the Phi Beta Kappa teaching Prize, which are the only two teaching awards given to faculty in Harvard College. In 2000 he was named a Harvard College Professor for his contributions to undergraduate education. In July 2009 Howard moved to Princeton University where he is Donald R. Dixon '69 and Elizabeth W. Dixon Professor in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Professor Stone's research interests are in fluid dynamics, especially as they arise in research and applications at the interface of engineering, chemistry, physics, and biology. In particular, he developed original research directions in microfluidics including studies and applications involving bubbles and droplets, red blood cells, bacteria, chemical kinetics, etc. He received the NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, is a Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS), and is past Chair of the Division of Fluid Dynamics of the APS. For ten years he served as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, and is currently on the editorial or advisory boards of Physical Review Fluids, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, and Soft Matter, and is co-editor of the Soft Matter Book Series. He is the first recipient of the G.K. Batchelor Prize in Fluid Dynamics, which was awarded in August 2008. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2009, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2011 and the National Academy of Sciences in 2014.

Track 12: Mechanics of Solids, Fluids, and Structures

Subra Suresh

Subra Suresh

Title: Mechanics of Biological Cells in Human Health and Disease

Abstract: Human health and diseases are strongly influenced by the mechanics and rheology of biological cells, and vice versa. This lecture will provide an overview of some recent advances connecting cell mechanics with the onset and progression of such diseases as hereditary blood disorders, malaria, and different types of cancer. Experiments and computational simulations along with novel microfluidic techniques for disease diagnostics, patient monitoring and drug efficacy assessments will also be considered. These in vitro experiments will also be combined with ex vivo studies to explore the mechanics of the human spleen. The presentation will conclude with a description of advances in combining mechanics with acoustics and microfluidics for detecting the presence and metastatic invasion of cancer cells and subcellular components.

Biography: Subra Suresh is the President-Designate of Nanyang Technological University Singapore. He has previously served as the president of Carnegie Mellon University and as the director of the National Science Foundation, where he led the creation of the NSF Innovation Corps and the Global Research Council. Suresh has been elected to all three branches of the National Academies (Sciences, Engineering and Medicine), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the National Academy of Inventors, as well as science and/or engineering academies in China, France, Germany, India, Spain and Sweden. A recipient of 12 honorary doctorate degrees, Suresh is the coauthor of more than 300 scholarly publications, three books and 25 patents. He serves as an independent director on the boards of HP Inc. and Battelle.

Track 13: Micro- and Nano- Engineering Systems and Packaging

Jack W. Judy

Jack W. Judy

Title: Combining Microfabrication and Tissue-Engineering Processes to Advance Nerve Interfaces for the Control of Advanced Prosthetic Limbs

Abstract: Microfabricated electrodes are often implanted into the brain, spinal cord, or nerves in order to record or stimulate neural activity. The goal of such work is typically to advance neuroscientific understanding or to develop new therapies or solutions for nervous-systems diseases or injuries. For example, nerves are a promising target for neural interfaces used to control sophisticated robotic limbs. However, to provide rapid and precise prosthesis control and to elicit high-resolution prosthesis-related sensory percepts, a nerve interface needs many independent motor and sensory channels. Unfortunately, all existing non-invasive and non-regenerative nerve interfaces grossly under-sample the heterogeneous population of efferent and afferent axons. Although tissue engineering, nerve regeneration, and implantable neural-electronic interfaces are individually well-established fields, we believe that the scalability and reliability challenges of nerve interfaces can be overcome by using a technology that combines these fields. We call our novel combinatorial approach tissue-engineered-electronic-nerve-interface (TEENI) technology. In this presentation I will discuss the challenges of neural interfaces, identify the limitations of existing microfabricated approaches, and describe our scalable TEENI technology.

Biography: Dr. Jack Judy is the Director of the Nanoscience Institute for Medical and Engineering Technology (NIMET) at the University of Florida, holds the Intel Nanotechnology Chair, and is also a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Biomedical Engineering. The mission of NIMET is to bridge engineering, scientific, and medical communities by revealing, enabling, focusing, and coordinating related research and educational activities. NIMET also provides world-class centralized research facilities, technical support, and equipment for the design, fabrication, and characterization of innovative micro/nanotechnologies, as well as a dedicated hands-on instructional laboratory for training students in the use of micro/nanoscale fabrication tools and techniques. Dr. Judy's research involves the development of novel micro-electro-mechanical systems, such as microscale and nanoscale sensors, actuators, and systems, and their use in impactful engineering, scientific, biological, and medical, applications. A particular focus is in the field of neural-interface technology and systems, with applications in bi-directional prosthetic control, movement disorders, and the autonomic nervous system. Previously, Dr. Judy was a Program Manager in the Microsystems Technology Office (MTO) of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), where he created and managed the Reliable Neural-Interface Technology Program (RE-NET) to address the fundamental, and yet at the time largely overlooked, critical reliability problem of chronic neural-recording interfaces. Without successfully developing and translating to the clinic high-performance neural-recording interfaces that function for the life of the patient, many of the widely envisioned clinical applications for brain-maGemstchine interfaces and other neural-electronic technologies will not be realized. Dr. Judy served at DARPA while on leave from his faculty position at the time in the Electrical and Biomedical Engineering Departments at UCLA, where he also served as Director of the NeuroEngineering Program, the Nanoelectronics Research Facility, and the Instructional Microfabrication Laboratory. He has received the National Science Foundation Career Award, the Okawa Foundation Award, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service.

Track 14: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis

Mahadevan Sankaran

Mahadevan Sankaran

Title: Uncertainty Quantification for Reliability Analysis and Decision Making in Engineering Systems

Abstract: This presentation will discuss current research on uncertainty quantification and aggregation for reliability assessment and decision-making in engineering systems. Model-based simulation is attractive for the reliability analysis of systems that are too large and complex for full-scale testing. However, model-based simulation involves many approximations and assumptions, and thus confidence in the simulation result is an important consideration in risk-informed decision-making. Sources of uncertainty are both aleatory and epistemic, arising from natural variability, information uncertainty, and modeling approximations. The presentation will discuss recent advances in the following directions: (1) quantifying and aggregating the effects of multiple data uncertainty and model uncertainty sources on the reliability assessment of multi-physics, multi-scale systems; (2) integrating heterogeneous information from multiple sources (models, tests, experts) in multiple formats using Bayesian networks; and (3) decision support for risk management throughout the life cycle of engineered systems. The techniques will be illustrated with a number of examples from mechanical and aerospace components.

Biography: Professor Sankaran Mahadevan has thirty years of research and teaching experience in reliability and risk analysis, design optimization, structural health monitoring, model verification and validation, and uncertainty quantification. His research has been extensively funded by NSF, NASA, FAA, DOE, DOD, DOT, NIST, General Motors, Chrysler, Union Pacific, American Railroad Association, and Sandia, Idaho, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge National Laboratories. His research contributions are documented in more than 600 publications, including two textbooks on reliability methods and 250 journal papers. He has directed 40 Ph.D. dissertations and 24 M. S. theses, and has taught many industry short courses on reliability and risk analysis methods. He is currently serving as Managing Editor for the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty (Part B: Mechanical Engineering), and as Associate Editor for three other journals. His awards include the NASA Next Generation Design Tools award (NASA), the SAE Distinguished Probabilistic Methods Educator Award, and best paper awards in the MORS Journal and the SDM and IMAC conferences. Professor Mahadevan obtained his B.S. from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, M.S. from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, and Ph.D. from Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.

Track 15: Design, Systems and Complexity

Michael Van Tooren

Michael Van Tooren

Title: Non-Conventional Materials in the Future of Aerospace

Abstract: The speaker will present materializing the future of aerospace, focusing on non-conventional composites including 3D printing of carbon fiber reinforced polymer.

Biography: Michel van Tooren is Professor Aerospace Systems Design and Structures at the College of Engineering and Computing (CEC) of the University of South Carolina, SmartState Endowed Chair in the Center for Multifunctional Materials and Structures and Director of the Ronald E. McNAIR Center for Aerospace Innovation and Research. Michel has a BSc, MSc and PhD in Aerospace Engineering and joined CEC in September 2013. Before joining USC he worked for Fokker Aerostructures in the Netherlands as Manager New Concept Development. He combined this position in industry with a part-time appointment at the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering of the Delft University of Technology. Prior to that he worked ten years as professor Systems Integration Aircraft at the same University, building a group specialized in Aircraft Design, Flight Mechanics and Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization. This group became well-known for its work in MDO, Aircraft Design, KBE and Truck Aerodynamics. He combined the research activities with a position in the management team of the faculty of Aerospace Engineering as vice dean. All this followed a previous ten years of research, education and innovation in design of composite structures. His research focus at CEC is on design and manufacture of composites structures, especially thermoplastics. In addition he serves as the Program Director Aerospace Engineering Studies for CEC.